Activists Say that One-Third of the Anticorruption Requirements Set by International partners of Ukraine Is Not Implemented
11 July, 2017, Kyiv, Ukraine – The Ukrainian government has fulfilled 20 of the 35 requirements in the area of prevention and counteraction of corruption, which was set by international partners, the International Monetary Fund and the European Union.
This data was released by the Anti-corruption Action Centre during the presentation of the interim report and a new online tool for monitoring Ukraine’s compliance with international anti-corruption requirements – map.antac.org.ua.
According to analysts of the AntAC, the Ukrainian authorities fulfilled 60% of their obligations.
The main requirements that have not been fulfilled are the creation of the Anticorruption Court, the launch of a full and effective system for verifying declarations, conducting an independent audit of the National Anti-corruption Bureau of Ukraine, and providing the Bureau with a right to independent wiretapping.
These requirements are envisaged in four main documents, namely EU Visa Liberalization Action Plan (VLAP), Memoranda of the EU Macro-financial Assistance Program, the State Building Contract between the EU andIkraine, and the Memoranda between Ukraine and the International Monetary Fund.
“We have collected and analysed the main requirements for Ukraine set by key international partners,” said Daria Kalenyuk, Executive Director of the Anti-corruption Action Centre, at a press briefing. “Part of these requirements were fulfilled, for example, the creation of an independent anti-corruption law enforcement body, NABU. The other part is partially fulfilled. For example, the NAPC was established, but it is not an independent functioning body, as demanded by international partners of Ukraine. In order to reduce the risk of a possible “rollback” of anti-corruption reform, the AntAC has developed a system for monitoring Ukraine’s compliance with its commitments.”
The website of map.antac.org.ua, presented by activists, contains a list of anti-corruption requirements, their description, the status of execution and accompanying documents, in which these requirements are set by international partners. The requirements marked with red are the ones that were not fully executed, the yellow ones were partially executed, and the green ones are fully executed by Ukraine.
Out of the financial assistance that Ukraine had to receive in accordance with its commitments, the IMF had already transferred USD 13.2 bln out of 17.5 bln allocated. EUR355 mln was received from the EU in 2014-2015 under the State Building Contract, as well as EUR 1.2 bln out of EUR 1.8 bln planned as macro-financial assistance in 2015-2017.
“Getting Ukraine’s visa-free travel with the EU has become the recognition of the success of the reforms launched in Ukraine,” said Anna Hopko, the Head of the Parliament Committee on International Relations. “From now on, it is important to fulfil the commitments and prevent any possible “rollback”, especially in the sphere of anti-corruption. This will prove to the international community the stability of the Ukrainian development vector aimed at reforms, Eurointegration, and Euro-Atlantic cooperation, as well as significantly strengthen our positions at the international level. At the moment, the further fight against corruption in Ukraine is a key requirement for our country from the most of international organisations and partners.”
One of the key requirements that international partner set for Ukrainian government is establishment of an independent specialized anti-corruption courts.
Delaying the establishment of those courts or their replacement with the specialized chambers in the existing unreformed courts will be the problem that will prevent Ukraine from receiving the autumn tranche from the IMF.
“The attribution of anti-corruption laws to the list of requirements set by the IMF and the EU significantly accelerated their adoption by the Parliament and helped to create so-called “political will,” said Sergiy Leschenko, MP, member of the Anticorruption Committee in the Parliament. “Today, when we do not have such powerful goals in relations with the EU as visa liberalisation, and there is no urgent demand of IMF money, there is a risk of putting reforms on halt or even a rollback, which is combined with attacks at independent experts and MPs as revenge for their active position. Under such conditions, the control of the Ukrainian commitments by the Western partners is crucial.”