Assistant to former MP of the Party of Regions, top policeman of Yanukovych era or anti-corruption fighter: who will select the head of the SAPO

Vitaliy Shabunin for Ukrainska Pravda

In November 2020, the 5-year term for which the head of the Specialized Anti-Corruption Prosecutor’s Office Nazar Kholodnytskyi was appointed expires.

The Competition Commission consists of 11 people. Namely: 4 representatives of the Council of Prosecutors who were previously determined and 7 delegates of the Verkhovna Rada. The Verkhovna Rada must select its representatives to the Commission until September 4.

The Committee on Law Enforcement Activities will decide its representatives from the Verkhovna Rada to the Commission today, on July 1. All factions and the parliamentary group Dovira submitted their candidates.

Members of the Commission may be persons with impeccable business reputation, professional and moral qualities, who have public authority. Significant experience in the field of anti-corruption is also required. The law prohibits civil servants, officials who hold political positions, Members of Parliament and party members, military and law enforcement officers to be part of the Commission.

But whether the faction studied the compliance of selected candidates with the criteria of the law? It looks like that not all of them.

The Anti-Corruption Action Center analyzed all candidates and only third part of them met the above-mentioned criteria and experience.

Larysa Udalova, Yevhen Sobol, Vyacheslav Navrotskyi, Vitaliy Kuts, Mykola Khavronyuk, Oleksiy Drozd and Oleksandr Gladun are delegated from the faction Servant of the People.

Navrotskyi Vyacheslav Oleksandrovych

Vyacheslav Navrotskyi is the Professor of the Department of Theory of Law and Human Rights at the Ukrainian Catholic University. He is the founder and head of NGO Lviv Forum of Criminal Justice and NGO Western Ukrainian Center for Reconciliation and Human Rights Consensus.

Sobol Yevhen Yuriyovych

Yevhen Sobol is the head of the Department of State Legal Disciplines and Administrative Law of Volodymyr Vynnychenko Central Ukrainian State Pedagogical University. In April 2019, he and his wife bought one-room apartment. The market value of apartment in the same area is about 100.000 USD.

Gladun Oleksandr Zinoviyovych

Oleksandr Gladun works as the head of the Department of scientific and methodological support of participation of prosecutors in criminal proceedings of the National Academy of the Prosecutor’s Office of Ukraine. He is also the adviser to the First Deputy Head of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine Stefanchuk Ruslan Oleksiyovych, who received compensation for housing while renting the apartment at his wife’s mother. After publication of this information, Stefanchuk promised to return funds to the state.

Drozd Oleksiy Yuriyovych

Oleksiy Drozd works as the head of the Doctoral and Adjunct Department of the National Academy of Internal Affairs of Ukraine.

In his declaration, he indicates the purchase of the land plot with the total area of 0.24 hectares worth 49.594 UAH in the village Khotiv, Kyiv region, in 2017, although the market value of the land plot may be much higher. Also in 2018, his wife bought Volkswagen Golf (manufactured in 2015 ) worth 179.000 UAH. Today, the cost of the used car of the same brand ranges from 265.000 UAH to 415.000 UAH.

Also, the candidate indicates that lives in the apartment which belongs to his father Yuriy Drozd, former deputy head of the Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Kirovograd region, and today he is an entrepreneur working on fire safety issues. Today, Yuriy Drozd is the co-owner of APS-Kyiv LLC and APS-Kirovohrad LLC, which provide services regarding installation of fire detection systems and servicing fire extinguishers. These companies win state tenders. Thus, APS-Kyiv LLC received over 22 million UAH from the state in 2018 and 2019, when it had signed contracts for 7.1 and 8 million UAH, respectively. APS Kirovograd LLC received more than 8 million UAH from the state, (it received the biggest amount in 2018, namely over 3 million UAH). Other co-owners are the family of former head of the State Emergency Service of Ukraine in Kirovograd Oleksandr Adamovych. Previously, he also owned the shares in Technogenna Bezpeka LLC. Today, he is only its head.

Kuts Vitaliy Mykolayovych

Vitaliy Kuts is the Vice-Rector for Research at the National Academy of the Public Prosecutor’s Office of Ukraine. In 2016, his wife Trynyova Yana indicated in the declaration of the candidate for the position that she was registered and lived in the village of Chayky. However, she does not indicate any real estate at this address. Although, according to the State Register of Real Property Rights, Kuts became the owner of an apartment in the village Chayky in December 2015.

Udalova Larysa Davydivna

Larysa Udalova, the director of the Institute of Postgraduate Education of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the head of the Criminal Procedure Department of the National Academy of Internal Affairs, is one of the founders of the NGO All-Ukrainian Association of Scientists and Specialists in the Field of Operative-Search Activity.

Khavronyuk Mykola Ivanovych

Mykola Khavronyuk is Ukrainian lawyer-criminologist. He is Doctor of Law, Professor, Honored Lawyer of Ukraine, Professor of the Department of Criminal Law and Procedure of the National University Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Director of Scientific Development and Member of the Board of the Center for Political and Legal Reforms.

He is member of the Working Group of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on Improving the Legislative Support of the State Anti-Corruption Policy in Ukraine Anti-Corruption Agenda (2015-2017). He is member of the Commission on Legal Reform under the President of Ukraine, Deputy Head of the Working Group on Development of Criminal Law (since 2019).

He is co-author of many draft laws of Ukraine. The most famous of them are: “On Combating Corruption” (1995), “On the National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine” (2014), “On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine to Ensure Activities of the National Anti-Corruption Bureau and the National Agency on Corruption Prevention” ( 2015), “On Amendments to the Criminal and Criminal Procedure Codes of Ukraine on Liability for Illicit Enrichment” (2019).

The faction Opposition Platform — For Life proposes to delegate to the Commission: Gardetskyi Oleksandr Stepanovych, Yuldashev Oleksiy Khasymovych, Gardetskyi Oleksandr Stepanovych

Oleksandr Gardetskyi is the head of the law firm “Gardetskyi and Partners”. Prior to practicing law, he spent almost all his career in the Prosecutor’s Office, in particular in the Prosecutor’s Office of Kirovograd and Kyiv regions. Former Prosecutor General Viktor Pshonka dismissed Gardetskyi from the position of prosecutor of Kyiv region. The latter explained this by his “fundamental disagreement with the leadership and pressure on himself.”

Gardetskyi’s son-in-law Sergiy Prokhorov is the judge of Economic Court of Zaporizhzhya region. He was accused of making the number of doubtful court decisions. He, in particular, made the decision, according to which he left the land plot with the total area of 1.68 hectares which was natural forest in the ownership of the service cooperative of mother of former governor of Kharkiv region Mykhaylo Dobkin. This allocation contradicted requirements of housing law.

Moreover, Sergiy Prokhorov’s wife Nina Gardetska (daughter of Oleksandr Gardetskyi) received the land plot in forest park area with the total area of 2.200 square meters from Kharkiv local council, then headed by Dobkin.

Oleksandr Gardetskyi represents subjects of cases of the National Anti-Corruption Bureau and the Specialized Anti-Corruption Prosecutor’s Office  in the High Anti-Corruption Court as the lawyer. In particular, Sergiy Andriyash, head of the Service for Children and Families of Kyiv Regional State Administration, who is suspected of misuse of funds, which caused budget losses in the amount of about 10 million UAH.

Yuldashev Oleksiy Khasymovych

Oleksiy Yuldashev works as the Professor at the Department of Civil and Commercial Law at the Interregional Academy of Personnel Management. He is Doctor of Law.

Yuldashev was member of the working group on judicial reform under Viktor Yanukovych, and now he is the assistant to Member of Parliament from the faction Opposition Platform — For Life Renat Kuzmin. The same Renat Kuzmin who was deputy of Pshonka in 2010-2013; he built the real estate in recreational area Pushcha Vodytsa and was wanted.

Sergiy Yuldashev, one of Oleksiy Yuldashev’s sons, was the prosecutor in Kyiv, but in 2015 he was lustrated and dismissed from the Prosecutor’s Office. However, he was resumed to the position as of February 25, 2020 according to the decision of Dnipropetrovsk District Administrative Court.

Another son Oleksiy Yuldashev works as the judge of Economic Court of Zaporizhzhya region. According to media reports, most often Yuldashev Junior considered cases regarding bankruptcy. In the period from January 2013 till March 2014 65% of bankruptcy decisions in Economic Court of Zaporizhzhya region (300 out of 462 decisions) were made by the judge Oleksiy Yuldashev.

According to journalists, at that time the largest amount of enterprises went bankrupt among all regions of Ukraine in Zaporizhzhya region, and debtors in such cases owed at least 490 million UAH to the state budget.

The All-Ukrainian Association Batkivshchyna delegates Tytarenko Mykola Mykolayovych.

Tytarenko Mykola Mykolayovych

Mykola Tytarenko is the lawyer, head of the law firm “Finkel and Gimpelson”.

He is considered the personal lawyer of Member of Parliament Yuliya Tymoshenko. He represents her interests in courts since at least 2011.

He also represented interests of Tymoshenko’s colleague in the faction Sergiy Vlasenko (in the case regarding alleged beating of his ex-wife). In 2019, Mykola Tytarenko was authorized person from All-Ukrainian Association Batkivshchyna in elections of Members of Parliament.

Tytarenko also represents interests of the subject of the criminal case, which is currently being considered by the High Anti-Corruption Court. This is about the head of Chernivtsi Regional Council Ivan Muntyan, who is suspected of extorting 400.000 USD and receiving the bribe in the amount of 180.000 USD.

Such close relations of Mykola Tytarenko with All-Ukrainian Association Batkivshchyna can hardly testify about his political bias.

The faction European Solidarity delegates Yakymchuk Mykola Kostyantynovych and Grinenko Olena Oleksiyivna.

Yakymchuk Mykola Kostiantynovych

Mykola Yakymchuk is First Vice-Rector of the National Academy of the Prosecutor’s Office of Ukraine, Doctor of Law. In 2015-2017 he was the prosecutor of Chernivtsi region.

His wife Nataliya Yakymchuk is the Professor at Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. In 2015, she was selected to Chernivtsi City Council according to Solidarity list. In 2017, Nataliya Yakymchuk resigned due to winning the competition for the position of the judge of Constitutional Court. The faction PPB again nominated Nataliya Yakymchuk for the position of the judge of Constitutional Court.

According to media reports, Mykola Yakymchuk was once considered the creature of Volodymyr Kulish, former governor of Bukovyna, the head of the election headquarters of Petro Poroshenko Bloc in presidential and parliamentary elections in 2014.

Mykola Yakymchuk probably registered corporate apartment with the total area of 110 square meters on his family. Moreover, the candidate owns Mercedes-Benz GL 320 CDI (manufactured in 2008), and his wife Nataliya Yakymchuk owns Volkswagen CC. They bought both cars in 2009 and 2012. And according to the declaration in 2016, they cost about 60.000 and 48.000 USD at then exchange rates. In 2015, their 20-year-old son also became owner of Volkswagen CC (manufactured in 2013).

Grinenko Olena Oleksiyivna

Olena Grinenko is the head of the Department of European Law and International Integration at the Institute of Legislation of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.

Grinenko has already applied for the competition to the Accounting Chamber this year, where she stated her significant educational and scientific experience. In particular, Ms. Olena stated that she had prepared Roman Nasirov, former head of the State Fiscal Service, as the candidate of legal sciences.

Moreover, Olena Grinenko is author of numerous scientific papers, including on international law. The textbook on “International Law” was published in Moscow this year, whose co-authored was the person with the same name.

Grinenko is probably the subject of the criminal proceeding regarding unjustified accrual of salaries to teachers of Mariupol State University who, in fact, did not teach there.

Olena Grinenko probably has problems not only with the law, but also with submitting declarations. In her declarations in 2015 and in 2016, she submitted only two parking spaces, as well as Jaguar XV (manufactured in 2013) that was purchased for 600.000 UAH at the same year. Olena Grinenko’s income during these years amounted to approximately 150 and 190.000 UAH.

In her declaration in 2019 Olena Hrynenko, as the candidate for the position of member of the Accounting Chamber, again submitted only the same two parking spaces, but her car fleet was replenished with the brand new Lexus RX 350 worth 18 million UAH (apparently Ms. Olena was slightly wrong with the number of zeros).

It turns out that Olena Grinenko lives in her car in the parking lot as real automobile fan. And she shares the parking space with her newborn child, as she did not mention any information about her husband in any declarations.

The parliamentary group Dovira delegates Kyslyi Anatoliy Mykhailovych, Romanyuk Bogdan Vasylyovych, Zhuravlyov Dmytro Volodymyrovych and Boyko Taras Orestovych.

Kyslyi Anatoliy Mykhaylovych 

Anatoliy Kyslyi is the director of Educational and Scientific Institute of Law of the Interregional Academy of Personnel Management.

From 1986 to 2014 Kyslyi worked in law enforcement bodies. In particular, during the time of fugitive ex-president Yanukovych he was the deputy head of the Main Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine in Kyiv region – the head of the criminal police of the Main Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine in Kyiv region. In 2008, Kyslyi was dismissed but according to the decision of KDAC as of March 18, 2010, he was resumed to the position and worked until 2014.

Probably, when he was the head of the criminal police in 2014, he privatized the corporate apartment with the total area of 100 square meters in Bortnychi. In addition to apartment Anatoliy Kyslyi owns the car TOYOTA LAND CRUISER PRADO, which he bought in 2016 (today, such car costs at least 20.000 USD). The wife also has apartment in relatively new house.

Romanyuk Bogdan Vasylyovych

Bogdan Romanyuk is Associate Professor of Transport Law and Logistics of the National Transport University, Candidate of Law, Lieutenant General.

During 1977–1994 Romanyuk held senior positions in the central apparatus of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine: Deputy, First Deputy Head of the Main Investigation Department, First Deputy Head of the Main Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine. From 1994 to 1997 he was the head of the Regional Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in Lviv region. In 1997, he was sent to the Interdepartmental Scientific and Research Center for Combating Organized Crime under the Coordinating Committee for Combating Corruption and Organized Crime under the President of Ukraine (subordinated to the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine).

Bogdan Romanyuk is primarily connected with the detention of well-known serial maniac Onoprienko, the so-called “Bratkovets murderer”.

According to media reports, at one time Romanyuk was “asked” to resign the position of the head of Lviv police for alleged involvement in beating of participants in mass actions of nationalist forces.

Zhuravlyov Dmytro Volodymyrovych

Dmytro Zhuravlyov is the First Deputy Director of the Institute of Law and Postgraduate Education of the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine, Doctor of Laws. He is the head of the Scientific Expert Council of the Subcommittee on Prevention and Counteraction to Political Corruption of the Committee of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on Prevention and Counteraction to Corruption.

At one time, Dmytro Zhuravlyov was the assistant to Members of Parliament from the faction Nasha Ukrayina Yuriy Artemenko and Yuriy Stets, as well as Member of Parliament from the faction PPB Yuriy Buglak.

At the end of 2019, Dmytro Zhuravlyov applied for the competition to the High Council of Justice. Then there were questions regarding the candidate, as he was predicted to have high chance of holding the position of the HCJ member, primarily due to the fact that he had good relations with then head of the Presidential Office Andriy Bogdan and even helped the latter to write his dissertation.

Moreover, there were questions regarding the candidate’s property. Thus, according to the declaration in 2019, Dmytro Zhuravlyov’s family owns: 4 apartments in Kyiv, apartment in Zaporizhzhya, two land plots in Vasylkiv and residential house in Vasylkiv; the car Mercedes GLC, the car Mercedes GLE; on accounts in the family bank there are 3 million UAH, more than 750.000 USD and 600.000 UAH in cash, in addition, the wife lent more than 3.2 million UAH to third parties. At the same time, the wife of the candidate Zhuravlyova Zoya Vladlenivna has been working as private notary since 2011.

Boyko Taras Orestovych

Taras Boyko holds the position of acting Chairman of the Board of the State Joint Stock Holding Company “Kyiv Radio Plant”, the lawyer, as well as the executive director of the NGO “Center for Political and Legal Research”.

Boyko was perhaps the youngest politician of the regional level. In 2010-2015 he was the Member of Parliament of Yavoriv District Council in Lviv region. Later, according to the decree of Petro Poroshenko as of 2015, he was appointed to the positions of the Head of Shyryayeve Regional State Administration of Odessa region. And in 2017 he was dismissed.

Taras Boyko was member of the competition commission for selection of candidates for positions to the State Bureau of Investigation, where he was selected the secretary of the commission.

Together with former Member of Parliament Mustafa Nayem and current Member of Parliament Galyna Yanchenko, he is the co-founder of the NGO “Real Actions Initiative”. The party National Corps supported him in the competition for the Public Control Council Board within the State Bureau of Investigation.

Despite such active civil and life position, Taras Boyko has problems with submission of the declaration.

In the declaration in 2018, he stated that he owned only non-residential premises with the total area of 35 square meters in Yavoriv district of Lviv region. But instead he stated the address of the place of actual residence in the city of Vyshneve, Kyiv region. He submitted only salary in the amount of 38.400 UAH, but he didn’t specify the place of work.

In his declaration in 2017, the candidate indicated information about his wife Iryna Boyko, who for some reason “disappeared” form the declaration in 2018 (although the provided copy of passport does not contain the mark of divorce). According to the declaration in 2017, the wife was obviously the breadwinner of the family, as she submitted in the declaration more than 476.000 UAH of income from business activities, while the candidate earned only 31.000 UAH.

The faction Golos delegates Kalenyuk Daria Mykolayivna, Borovyk Andriy Petrovych, Kozlov Andriy Georgiyovych, Meleshevych Andriy Anatoliyovych, and Maselko Roman Anatoliyovych.

Maselko Roman Anatoliyovych

Roman Maselko is the lawyer of the “Heavenly Hundred”, member of the board of the NGO “Automaydan” and NGO “Dejure Foundation”.

He was member of the Public Integrity Council and the Public Control Council within the National Anti-Corruption Bureau (two terms).

Meleshevych Andriy Anatoliyovych

Andriy Meleshevych is the President of the National University Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Doctor of Philosophy.

He is member of the National Council on Anti-Corruption Policy of Ukraine (2015-2019), member of the Commission on Legal Reform under the President of Ukraine (2019-present), member of the Constitutional Commission of Ukraine (2015-2019).

Kozlov Andriy Georgiyovych

Andriy Kozlov is member of the High Qualification Commission of Judges of Ukraine (October 2016-June 2019) under the quota of the Verkhovna Rada Commissioner for Human Rights, the lawyer.

He was member of the board of the HQCJ, which selected candidates for positions to the High Anti-Corruption Court. In June 2019, then Verkhovna Rada Commissioner for Human Rights Lyudmyla Denisova dismissed him for alleged incompatibility with his position. Instead, Andriy Kozlov’s dismissal is linked with KDAC’s pressure on the Commissioner.

We should recall that in July 2019 it became known that the National Anti-Corruption Bureau was investigating the case regarding interference of the court management in decision-making, influence on the work of the High Qualification Commission of Judges and organization of deliberately unjust decisions (the so-called “Vovk’s tape-recordings”).

It is clear from non-disclosure tape-recordings that judges and ombudsman Denysova allegedly agreed to appoint members of the HQCJ who would be loyal to KDAC. Instead, the court should not have supported the position of the National Agency for Corruption Prevention, which accused Lyudmyla Denysova of failing to submit funds in declarations in 2016-2018.

Kalenyuk Daria Mykolayivna

Daria Kalenyuk is executive director of the NGO Anti-Corruption Action Center.

In 2015, she was member of the commission that selected candidates for positions of detectives of the National Anti-Corruption Bureau. Since 2016 she has been member of the commission for selection of candidates for positions of prosecutors of the Specialized Anti-Corruption Prosecutor’s Office.

Borovyk Andriy Petrovych

Andriy Borovyk is executive director of the NGO Transparency International Ukraine, whose main mission is to reduce corruption in Ukraine.

Since 2019 he is member of the National Council for Anti-Corruption Policy. He is member of the commission from the public, which selects candidates for positions of prosecutors of the Specialized Anti-Corruption Prosecutor’s Office. He is the author of large number of articles in the field of corruption prevention.

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